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The National Museum of History located in the historic Chapultepec Castle. This castle, which strictly speaking is not considered one, was built from 1785 to 1787. The Viceroy Bernardo de Gálvez ordered its construction with the purpose of creating a resting place for viceroys during their stay in New Spain.
Once the vice-regal period ended, the building had a variety of uses. It became the seat of the Military School, and the place where the decisive battle in the Mexican-American War against the United States Army in 1847 took place. It was also the imperial residence of Maximilian and Carlota, and finally, residence of various Mexican Presidents.
General Lazaro Cardenas ordered the building turned into a space in which collections and objects owned by historical figures in Mexico’s history be kept
Once turned into a cultural site, mural paintings of Juan O’Gorman (including: El retablo de la Independencia, El feudalismo porfirista y Sufragio efectivo, no reelección), José Clemente Orozco (La Reforma y la caída del Imperio), and David Alfaro Siqueiros (Del porfirismo a la Revolución), among other painters, adorned the walls.
The Chapueltepec Castle opened as museum on September 27, 1944. There are two areas for exhibits. The first, which used to house the old Military School, contains rooms from the periods spanning the Conquest until the Revolution of 1910. The second, the Alcazar or palace, exhibits furniture of Emperor Maximilian and his wife Carlota, and of General Porfirio Diaz and his wife, Carmen Romero Rubio. There are more than 40 rooms that synthesize the history of Mexico.
Pictorial works are on exhibit as well as sculptures, costumes, historical technology, numismatics, musical instruments, silverware, ceramic objects, flags, carriages and documents.
The museum holds an auditorium, a room for temporary exhibits, library, photography room, bookstore and cafeteria. Other educational services include guided tours, services for school groups, audio-guides, a sound library, and spaces for cultural events, conferences and concerts.
This has been the home of numerous exhibitions over the years.
Visit the Castillo de Chapultepec in Chapultepec Park, Section I, Mexico City, phone +52 55 4040 5215 Hours: Tuesday-Sunday, 9:00-17:00 hrs. Located.